Fundamentals of Geotechnical Engineering

Fundamentals of Geotechnical Engineering

For engineering purposes, soil is defined as the uncemented aggregate of mineral
grains and decayed organic matter (solid particles) with liquid and gas in the empty
spaces between the solid particles. Soil is used as a construction material in various
civil engineering projects, and it supports structural foundations.

civil engineers
must study the properties of soil, such as its origin, grain-size distribution, ability
to drain water, compressibility, shear strength, and load-bearing capacity. Soil
mechanics is the branch of science that deals with the study of the physical properties
of soil and the behavior of soil masses subjected to various types of forces. Soil
engineering is the application of the principles of soil mechanics to practical problems.
Geotechnical engineering is the subdiscipline of civil engineering that involves
natural materials found close to the surface of the earth.

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