Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures

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Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures

The low cost of steel-reinforced concrete and the ready availability of raw materials
with which it is formed make it the most widely used structural material available.
Many critical infrastructure facilities are made of steel-reinforced concrete, and since
they are under constant degradation from the aggressive environments, they suffer
from durability issues, particularly the corrosion of the steel bars within such structures.
Corrosion is the main deterioration mechanism of those structures which
significantly reduces the service life, reliability, functionality of structures, and
safety. This corrosion in turn has created a multi-billion-dollar infrastructure deficit.

Given the indisputable societal and economical importance of the impact of corrosion
when developing advanced structures, it is quite surprising that the study of
corrosion in infrastructure facilities receives little to no attention in most civil engineering
curricula at both undergraduate and graduate levels! It is obvious that better
education for the nation’s engineers is essential to improving corrosion control and
management practices throughout the national infrastructure. However, to become a
fully qualified civil or mechanical engineer usually requires at most a one-semester
course in materials, one in which the subject of corrosion is rarely mentioned! Civil
engineering education and the profession are confronting a challenging crossroads
and undergoing revolution. Nevertheless, the seeming lack of ability of civil engineers
to thoroughly understand corrosion and its impact on the service lives of these
structures, and its role in designing materials that are adaptable to today’s challenging
world, hinders progress toward addressing 21st-century challenges. Therefore,
there is a critical need to deliver such education to future engineers. This
book aims to be a handbook for civil engineers who are involved in design and maintenance
of steel-reinforced concrete structures as well as a textbook for upper-level
undergraduate- and graduate-level students, specifically in the civil engineering
discipline.

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