This book contains some of the papers presented at the International Conference
on Underground Spaces – Design, Engineering and Environmental Aspects, held
on the Campus of the Wessex Institute of Technology in the New Forest. The
Conference was launched to discuss not only the structural and environmental
material characterization aspects but also the trends regarding the development of
Underground spaces are becoming increasingly important for a wide diversity
of uses. They range from classical excavations to subway constructions,
underground sports halls, power stations, waste repositories, underground cities
and many others. The construction techniques are also very varied, from open air
excavation to newly developed injection methods.
The use of underground spaces is challenging to a wide spectrum of engineers,
designers and builders. Structures constructed below the terrain require special
attention in their design and safety assessment. This means that the degree of
knowledge needs to be significantly different than for surface structures and hence
the importance of conferences like Underground Spaces to reach a better
understanding of the issues involved. This is particularly the case when preparing
to build chemical, nuclear or toxic waste repositories, where serious environmental
issues can arise.
The papers presented at the Conference described a variety of problems related
to underground spaces. The Editors are grateful to all contributors for their papers
and particularly to the members of the International Scientific Advisory Committee
who helped to select the material published in this book.